Hackberry, Netleaf - Celtis laevigata var. retioculata

Ethnobotanical Uses

(Sienet Arizona-New Mexico)


"Acoma Fruit Berries extensively used as food. Apache, Chiricahua & Mescalero Bread & Cake Fruit ground, caked, and dried for winter use. Fruit Fruit eaten fresh. Preserves Fruit used to make jelly. Navajo Fruit Berries ground and eaten." (Moerman 147)


"Navajo, Kayenta Gastrointestinal Aid Plant used for indigestion." (Moerman 147)

Other Uses:

"Papago Clothing Bark used to make sandals. ---Navajo Red-Brown Leaves and branches boiled into a dark brown or red dye for wool. --- Tewa Tools Wood used to make handles for axes and hoes." (Moerman 147)