Ethnobotanicals in the Santa Fe Botanical Garden

For Other Uses


Ojos y Manos Ethnobotanicals
Other Uses
 

Trees - Evergreen

Juniper, One-seed - Juniperus monasperma
fuel, construction, small implements
 
Pine, Pinion - Pinus edulis
pottery paint, glue, cradles, construction
 
Pine, Ponderosa - Pinus pondersoa
roofing, ladders, cradles, chewing gum, etc.
 

Trees - Deciduous

Maple, Bigtooth - Acer saccharum subsp. grandidentatum
lumber, furniture, paddles & oars, arows, bows, etc.
   
Maple, ROCKY MOUNTAIN GLOW -
lumber, furniture, paddles & oars, arows, bows, etc.
   
Acer saccharum subsp. grandidentatum 'Schmidt'
 
Hackberry, Netleaf - Celtis laevigata var. retioculata
sandles, dark-brown or dye, handles
   
Cottonwood, Rio Grande - Populus deltoides subsp. wislizeni
boats, cradles, dolls, drums, firing pots
   
Oak, Texas Red - Quercus buckleyi
cradles, digging sticks, arrows, house construction
   
Oak, Gambel - Quercus gambelii
cradles, digging sticks, arrows, house construction
   
Oak, Bur - Quercus marocarpa
cradles, digging sticks, arrows, house construction
   
Oak, Chikapin - Quercus muehlenbergii
cradles, digging sticks, arrows, house construction
   

Semi-evergreen Shrubs/Subshrubs

Sagebrush, Sand - Artemisia filifolia
drying hands, toilet paper
   
Saltbush, Fourwing - Atriplex canescens
calk roofs, cooking whisk, carving, arrowheads
   
Bitterbush, Antelope - Purshia tridentata
bark for diapers, bedding for cradleboards, arrows
   

Evergreen Shrubs/Subshrubs

Sagebrush, Big - Artemisia tridentata
brooms, building material
   
Mahogany, Curl-leaf Mountain - Cercocarpus ledifolius
brown dye, tanning leather, fires, arrow points, etc.
   
Mahogany, True Mountain - Cercoparpus montanus
brown dye, tanning leather, fires, arrow points, etc.
   
Holly, Desert - Mahonia haematocarpa
yellow dye
   
Globemallow, 'Louis Hamilton' -
mixed for glue, hair rinse
   
Sphaeralcea ambigua 'Louis Hamilton'

Deciduous Shrubs/Subshrubs

root diggers, arrows, canes, canoes, purple dye
   
smoked
   
lemon-yellow dye, arrows, (contains7% rubber), etc.
   
arrow shafts, brooms, top ring of baskets & cradles
   
digging sticks, purple dye
   
hair wash & perfume, insect repellent
   
basket making, black dye, arrows, crib hoods
   
basket making, black dye, arrows, crib hoods
   
bows and arrows
   
bows and arrows
   

Herbaceous Perennials

Pricklypoppy, Southwestern - Argemone pleiacantha
tattoo pigment
   
Blanketflower - Gaillardia aristata
flower heads for spoons and waterproofing
   
Flax, Blue - Linum perenne
makes linen, textiles, cord, string, shampoo
   
Groundsel,Threadleaf - Senecio flaccidus
good fragrance, bedbug repellent
   
Cota (Tea, Navajo) - Thelesperma megapotamicum
yellow or gold dye
   

Evergreen Perennials

Yarrow, Western - Achillea millefolium
mosquito repellent, floral decorations
   
Beargrass - Nolina microcarpa
baskets, seeds in gourds for rattles
   

Deciduous Perennials

Morning Glory, Bush - Ipomoea leptophylla
fuel for starting a fire
   
Zinnia, Prairie - Zinnia grandiflora
yellow dye
   

Cacti/Succulents

Yucca, Soapweed - Yucca glauca
weaving, suds of roots as a hair wash
   
Yucca, Banana - Yucca baccata
weaving
   
Yucca, Faxon - Yucca faxoniana
weaving
   

Grasses

Grass, Indian - Sorghastrum nutans brooms, hairbrushes, insulation for moccasins, switches    

 


The Orchard Garden Ethnobotanicals
Other Uses
   

Welcome Garden

Globemallow, Monro's - Sphaeralcea munroana
mixed for glue, hair rinse
   
Juniper, Rocky Mountain - Juniperus sclpulorum
fuel, construction, small implements
   
Serviceberry, Utah - Amelanchier utahensis
root diggers, arrows, canes, canoes, purple dye
   

Meadow Garden

Flax, Blue - Linum perenne lewisii
makes linen, textiles, cord, string, shampoo
   
Joint Fir, Bluestem (Mormon Tea) - Ephedra equiseina
drying mat for pulp
   
Mullein - Verbascum thapsus
toilet paper, insoles, lamp wicks, yellow dye, torch
   
Oak, Gambel - Quercus gambelii
cradles, digging sticks, arrows, house construction
   
Pine, Ponderosa - Pinus pondersoa
roofing, ladders, cradles, chewing gum, etc.
   

Above the Orchard Wall

Apache Plume - Fallugia paradoxa
arrows, brooms, top ring for baskets, cradleboards
   
Broom Snakeweed - Gutierrezia sarothrae
yellow dye, insecticide
   
Cholla, Cane - Opuntia imbricata
canes, shampoo, sewing, candles, souvenirs
 
Juniper, One-seed - Juniperus monasperma
fuel, construction, small implements
   
Mountain Mahogany - Cercocarpus spp.
brown dye, tanning leather, fires, arrow points, etc.
   
Pinion Pine - Pinus edulis
pottery paint, glue, cradless, construction
   
Privet, New Mexico - Forestiera pubescens
digging sticks, purple dye
   
Rabbitbush (Chamisa) - Chrysothammus nauseosus
lemon-yellow dye, arrows, (contains7% rubber), etc.
   
Sumac, Threeleaf - Rhus trilobata
basket making, black dye, arrows, crib hoods
   
Yucca, Soapweed - Yucca glauca
weaving, suds of roots as a hair wash
   

Xeric Garden

Beargrass - Nolina microcarpa
baskets, seeds in gourds for rattles
   
Cactus, Prickly Pear - Opuntia spp.
reddish dye
   

Other Common Ethnobotanicals in New Mexico Not in the Garden

Other Uses

   
Aster, Hairy Golden - Chrysopsis villosa
kills red ants
   
Beeplant, Rocky Mountain - Cleome serrulata
tea as a deodorant, black dye
 
Bindweed - Convolulus arvensis
cordage
   
Buffalo Gourd - Curcurbita foetidissima
rattles, insect repellent, soapy lather
   
Burdock - Arctium spp.
flowerheads inspired Velcro
 
Chokecherry - Prunus virginiana
insecticide, canes, purple-red & green dye
   
Daisy, Paper - Psilostrophe tagetina
yellow dye
   
 
Daisy, Whiplash - Erigeron flagellaris
brooms
   
Dock - Rumex spp.
tanning rawhide, yellow dye
   
Goldenrod - Solidago spp.
yellow or gold dye
   

Golden Smoke/Scrambled Eggs -

Corydalis aurea

soaked watermelon seeds to increase production
   
Gumweed - Grindelia spp.
brooms
   
Horse-Nettle - Solanum elaeagnifolium
berries can curdle milk (making cheese)
   
Indian Paintbrush - Castilleja integra
black paint
   
Locust, New Mexico - Robinia neomexicana
cradleboards, bows, arrows
   
Milkweed - Asclepias spp.
chewing gum, seed silk to stuff pillows & matresses, yarn
   
Mustard, Western Tansy - Descurainia pinnata
mixed with iron to make paint
   
Plantain - Plantago major
hair rinse for dandruff & wave set; fiber for thread, fishing line & cloth
   
Rose, Wild - Rosa spp.
fruits for necklaces & garlands, potpourri, smoked, hair rinse
   
Salsify - Tragopogon dubius
dried sap chewed like gum
   
Storks's-bill, Common - Erodium cicutarium
dried plant powder to stop watermellon disease
   
Sunflower, Annual - Helianthus annuus
flowers as decoration, snares & arrows; dye, flowers=yellow, seeds=black or purple