Ethnobotanicals in the Santa Fe Botanical Garden

Used For Food


Ojos y Manos Ethnobotanicals
Food
 

Trees - Evergreen

Juniper, One-seed - Juniperus monasperma  

berries, berryless sprig tea

Pine, Pinion - Pinus edulis  
nuts
Pine, Ponderosa - Pinus pondersoa  
seeds, inner bark, young needle tea

Trees - Deciduous

Maple, Bigtooth - Acer saccharum subsp. grandidentatum  
sap, bark (seeds poisonous?)
Maple, ROCKY MOUNTAIN GLOW -  
sap, bark (seeds poisonous?)
 
Hackberry, Netleaf - Celtis laevigata var. retioculata  
berries
Cottonwood, Rio Grande - Populus deltoides subsp. wislizeni  
pistillate catkins
Oak, Texas Red - Quercus buckleyi  
acorns
Oak, Gambel - Quercus gambelii  
acorns
Oak, Bur - Quercus marocarpa  
acorns
Oak, Chikapin - Quercus muehlenbergii
acorns

Semi-evergreen Shrubs/Subshrubs

Saltbush, Fourwing - Atriplex canescens  
seeds, burned stems w/leaves
 
Plume, Desert Princes' - Stanleya pinnata  
boiled leaves (raw may be poisonous)

Evergreen Shrubs/Subshrubs

Sagebrush, Big - Artemisia tridentata  
seeds (as a starvation food)
 
Holly, Desert - Mahonia haematocarpa  
berries
 
Globemallow, 'Louis Hamilton' -  
fruits, roots chewed
 
Sphaeralcea ambigua 'Louis Hamilton'

Deciduous Shrubs/Subshrubs

Serviceberry, Utah - Amelanchier utahensis  
berries (leaves and pits poisonous)
 
Lead Plant - Amorpha canescens  
leaf tea
 
Rabbitbush (Chamisa) - Chrysothammus nauseosus  
flower buds, stem & roots for gum, green leaves, seeds
 
Privet, New Mexico - Forestiera pubescens  
fruit
Four-O'-Clock, Desert - Mirabilis multiflora  
tea
Bee-Balm (Mintleaf Bergamont) -  
flowers, leaves
Monarda fistulosa var. menthisfolia
Sumac, Threeleaf - Rhus trilobata  
berries
Sumac, 'Autumn Amber' (Creeping Sumac) -  
berries
Rhus trilobata 'Autumn Amber'
Currant, Golden - Ribes aureum  
berries, young leaves
Currant, Wax - Ribes cereum
berries, young leaves

Herbaceous Perennials

Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop) - Agastache cana  
leaves
Yerba Mansa - Anemopsis californica  
pulverized seeds
Blanketflower - Gaillardia aristata  
flower heads to absorb soups & broths
Flax, Blue - Linum perenne  
seeds
Cota (Tea, Navajo) - Thelesperma megapotamicum  
stems, flowers

Evergreen Perennials

Yarrow, Western - Achillea millefolium  
leaves, flowers
Beargrass - Nolina microcarpa  
seed, fruit, (flower stalks may be poisonous)

Deciduous Perennials

Daisy, Chocolate - Berlandiera lyrata  
flowers
Sunflower, Maximilian - Helianthus maximiliani  
tubers
Morning Glory, Bush - Ipomoea leptophylla  
root as a starvation food

Cacti/Succulents

Yucca, Soapweed - Yucca glauca  
flower buds, flowers, young fruits, seeds, leaves
Yucca, Banana - Yucca baccata  
flower buds, flowers, young fruits, seeds, leaves
Yucca, Faxon - Yucca faxoniana  
flower buds, flowers, young fruits, seeds, leaves

Grasses

Ricegrass, Indian - Oryzopsis hymenoides  
seeds

 


The Orchard Garden Ethnobotanicals
Food

Welcome Garden

Globemallow, Monro's - Sphaeralcea munroana  
fruits, roots chewed
 
Juniper, Rocky Mountain - Juniperus sclpulorum  
berries, berryless sprig tea
 
Serviceberry, Utah - Amelanchier utahensis  
berries (leaves and pits poisonous)
 

Meadow Garden

Flax, Blue - Linum perenne lewisii  
seeds
 
Joint Fir, Bluestem (Mormon Tea) - Ephedra equiseina  
twigs for tea
 
Mullein - Verbascum thapsus  
flowers for tea (seeds are poisonous)
 
Oak, Gambel - Quercus gambelii  
acorns
 
Pine, Ponderosa - Pinus pondersoa  
seeds, inner bark, young needle tea
 

Above the Orchard Wall

Cholla, Cane - Opuntia imbricata  
fruit, stems (starvation food)
 
Clover, Sweet - Melilotus officinalis  
flowers, shoots, leaves
Juniper, One-seed - Juniperus monasperma  
berries, berryless sprig tea
 
Pinion Pine - Pinus edulis  
nuts
 
Privet, New Mexico - Forestiera pubescens  
fruit
 
Rabbitbush (Chamisa) - Chrysothammus nauseosus  
flower buds, stem and roots for gum, green leaves, seeds
 
Sumac, Threeleaf - Rhus trilobata  
berries
 
Yucca, Soapweed - Yucca glauca  
flower buds, flowers, young fruits, seeds, leaves
 

Xeric Garden

Beargrass - Nolina microcarpa  
seed, fruit, (flower stalks may be poisonous)
 
Cactus, Prickly Pear - Opuntia spp.
fruit, seeds, pads
 

Other Common Ethnobotanicals in New Mexico Not in the Garden

Food
 
Amaranth - Amaranthus spp.  
seeds, leaves
Beeplant, Rocky Mountain - Cleome serrulata  
flowers, seed pods, stems, leaves
 
seeds, (most of plant bitter)
 
 
all parts
 
 
berries (black only, rest mildly poisonous)
 
 
all parts
 
young leaves, seeds, stems
 
 
leaves, flowers, stems, seeds (starvation food)
 
Goosefoot (Lamb's-Quarter) -  
leaves, stalks, flowers, seeds (cooked or sprouted)
 
Chenopodium spp.
Groundcherry - Physalis spp.  
fruit
Gumweed - Grindelia spp.  
leaves, seeds
 

Hymenopappus, Fineleaf -

Hymenopappus fillifolius

 
leaves, root (chewed)
Indian Paintbrush - Castilleja integra  
flower bracts
 
Locust, New Mexico - Robinia neomexicana  
pods, flowers
 
Milkweed - Asclepias spp.  
young shoots (bitter), pods, leaves
 
Mustard, Western Tansy - Descurainia pinnata  
young shoots, leaves
 
Pepperweed - Lepidium virginicum  
leaves, seeds
Plum, Wild - Prunus americana  
fruit
Plantain - Plantago major  
leaves, stalks, seeds
 
Purslane - Portulaca oleracea  
seeds, stems, leaves
Raspberry - Rubus spp.  
berries, leaves, roots
Rose, Wild - Rosa spp.  
hips, flower petals
 
Russian Thistle, Prickly - Salsola tragus  
young sprouts, seeds
Salsify - Tragopogon dubius  
roots, stalks, leaves, buds, flowers
 
Storks's-bill, Common - Erodium cicutarium  
stems, young leaves, roots chewed
 
Sunflower, Annual - Helianthus annuus  
seeds
 
Velvetweed - Gaura mollis  
roots
 
Wolfberry - Lycium pallidum  
berries, seeds